Accepted for Publication: October 17, 2011.
Published Online: January 9, 2012. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.625
Author Contributions: Study concept and design: Culver, I. S. Ockene, Olendzki, Sepavich, Wactawski-Wende, Manson, Liu, Curb, and Ma. Acquisition of data: Sepavich, Wactawski-Wende, Manson, Liu, Merriam, J. K. Ockene, Curb, and Ma. Analysis and interpretation of data: I. S. Ockene, Balasubramanian, Wactawski-Wende, Manson, Qiao, Liu, Rahilly-Tierny, Thomas, Berger, and Ma. Drafting of the manuscript: Culver, Balasubramanian, Olendzki, Qiao, and Ma. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Culver, I. S. Ockene, Balasubramanian, Olendzki, Sepavich, Wactawski-Wende, Manson, Liu, Merriam, Rahilly-Tierny, Thomas, Berger, J. K. Ockene, Curb, and Ma. Statistical analysis: Balasubramanian, Qiao and Liu. Obtained funding: Wactawski-Wende, Manson, Liu, Merriam, Curb, and Ma. Administrative, technical, and material support: Culver, Olendzki, Sepavich, Wactawski-Wende, Liu, J. K. Ockene, and Curb. Study supervision: Culver, I. S. Ockene, Olendzki, Sepavich, Wactawski-Wende, Manson, Liu, and Curb. Background literature search: Culver.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) grant No. 1 R21 DK083700-01A1 to Dr Ma. It was also supported in part by the University of Massachusetts Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Center grant 5 P30 DK32520 from the NIDDK to Drs Ma and I. S. Ockene. The WHI program is funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, through contracts N01WH22110, 24152, 32100-2, 32105-6, 32108-9, 32111-13, 32115, 32118-32119, 32122, 42107-26, 42129-32, and 44221.
Disclaimer: The article's contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIDDK.
Additional Contributions: We thank the principal investigators of all WHI clinical centers and the data coordinating center for their contribution to the study, and we are indebted to the dedicated and committed participants of the WHI.