Accepted for Publication: August 2, 2011.
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Carpenter, Hughes, Saladin, and Alberg. Acquisition of data: Carpenter and Gray. Analysis and interpretation of data: Carpenter, Hughes, Gray, and Wahlquist. Drafting of the manuscript: Carpenter, Hughes, Gray, Wahlquist, Saladin, and Alberg. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Carpenter, Hughes, Gray, Wahlquist, Saladin, and Alberg. Statistical analysis: Carpenter, Hughes, and Wahlquist. Obtained funding: Carpenter and Hughes. Administrative, technical, and material support: Carpenter and Gray. Study supervision: Carpenter, Gray, Saladin, and Alberg.
Financial Disclosure: Since January 1, 2008, Dr Hughes has received research grants from the National Institutes of Health and from Pfizer Pharmaceuticals; the latter develops and sells smoking cessation medications. During this time, he has accepted honoraria or consulting fees from the following nonprofit and for-profit organizations and companies that develop, sell, or promote smoking cessation products or services or educate or advocate about smoking cessation: Abbott Pharmaceuticals, Aradigm, American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry, American Psychiatric Association, American Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education, Cambridge Hospital, Dartmouth College, Dartmouth-Hitchcock, Dean Foundation, DLA Piper, EPI-Q, European Respiratory Society, Evotec, Free and Clear, GlaxoSmithKline, Golin Harris, Healthwise, Integrated Communication, Invivodata, Maine Health, McGill University Medical School, McNeil Pharmaceuticals, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Oglivy Health PR, Ottawa Heart Institute, Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Pinney Associates, Propagate Pharmaceuticals, Reckner Associates, Scientia, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, University of California–San Francisco, University of Wisconsin, National Institutes of Health, and Wolters Publishing.