Author Contributions: Drs Virtanen, Vahtera, and Kivimäki and Ms Pentti had full access to the data and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: Virtanen, Terho, Oksanen, Kurvinen, Routamaa, Peltonen, and Kivimäki. Acquisition of data: Virtanen, Terho, Kurvinen, Routamaa, and Peltonen. Analysis and interpretation of data: Virtanen, Terho, Oksanen, Kurvinen, Pentti, Routamaa, Vartti, Peltonen, Vahtera, and Kivimäki. Drafting of the manuscript: Virtanen and Kivimäki. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Terho, Oksanen, Kurvinen, Pentti, Routamaa, Vartti, Peltonen, Vahtera, and Kivimäki. Statistical analysis: Virtanen and Pentti. Obtained funding: Vahtera and Kivimäki. Study supervision: Peltonen, Vahtera, and Kivimäki.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: The study was supported by grants 124322, 124271, 123621, 133535, and 129262 from the Academy of Finland; grant R01 HL036310 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland; and the BUPA Foundation, United Kingdom.
Role of the Sponsors: The funders played no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily of the funding bodies.