Accepted for Publication: March 8, 2014.
Published Online: May 12, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1608.
Study concept and design: Leppin, Gionfriddo, Mair, Gallacher, Erwin, Murad, Shippee, Montori.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Leppin, Gionfriddo, Kessler, Brito, Mair, Gallacher, Wang, Sylvester, Boehmer, Ting, Murad, Montori.
Drafting of the manuscript: Leppin, Mair, Gallacher, Boehmer, Murad, Montori.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Wang, Murad, Montori.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Leppin, Kessler, Brito, Mair, Gallacher, Erwin, Sylvester, Boehmer, Montori.
Study supervision: Leppin, Montori.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This publication was made possible by Clinical and Translational Science Award grant UL1 TR000135 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, a component of the National Institutes of Health.
Role of the Sponsors: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the National Institutes of Health.
Additional Contributions: The following individuals provided unpublished data, conducted secondary analyses, assisted with study identification, and/or provided guidance and support: Agneta Björck Linné, MS, PhD, and Hans Liedholm, MD, PhD (Malmö University Hospital, Sweden); Marcia E. Leventhal, RN, MSN, Sabina De Geest, PhD, RN, and Kris Denhaerynck, PhD, RN (Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Switzerland); Lars Rytter, MD (Glostrup University Hospital, Denmark); Gillian A. Whalley, PhD (University of Auckland, New Zealand); David Maslove, MD, FRCPC (University of Toronto, Canada); Judith Garcia-Aymerich, MD, PhD (Universitat Pomeu Fabra-Barcelona, Spain); Bonnie J. Wakefield, PhD, RN (Iowa City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System); Kathleen Finn, MD (Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston); Jon C. Tilburt, MD, MPH (Mayo Clinic); Christiane E. Angermann, MD (Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Denmark); Felipe Atienza, MD, PhD (Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon-Madrid, Spain); Dan Gronseth, BS (Mayo Clinic); Michael W. Rich, MD (Washington University, St Louis); Andrew Masica, MD, MSCI (Baylor Health Care System); Karen B. Hirschman, PhD, and Mary D. Naylor, PhD (University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing); James F. Graumlich, MD (University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria); Anna Strömberg, RN, PhD (Linköping University Hospital, Sweden). These contributors were not compensated for their contributions.