Accepted for Publication: July 26, 2013.
Published Online: September 30, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.11070.
Study concept and design: Schiff, Puopolo, Keohane, Bates.
Acquisition of data: Schiff, Puopolo, Yu, McDonough, Ellis.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Schiff, Puopolo, Huben-Kearney, Yu, Keohane, McDonough, Ellis, Bates, Biondolillo.
Drafting of the manuscript: Schiff, Puopolo, Huben-Kearney.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Schiff, Yu, Keohane, McDonough, Ellis, Bates, Biondolillo.
Statistical analysis: Puopolo, Huben-Kearney, Yu, McDonough.
Obtained funding: Schiff, Keohane.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Schiff, Keohane, McDonough, Biondolillo.
Study supervision: Schiff.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant R18HS019508 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Role of the Sponsor: The insurers had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official vew of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Additional Contributions: The malpractice insurers shared their claims data, and Namara Brede, BA, provided administrative assistance in the final manuscript preparation.