This structured review identifies and highlights the 10 original research articles most likely to reduce overuse of medical care.
This cohort study investigates whether referral to the hospital is associated with better outcomes in a population of patients presenting with hypertensive urgency in the office setting.
This analysis of clinical data linked to Medicare claims finds the cardiac rehabilitation rate for older patients after acute myocardial infarction is low in the United States and suggests efforts be made for increasing referrals, and addressing attendance barriers, to rehabilitation sessions.
Among drug-using emergency department patients, Bogenschutz and colleagues contrast the effects of a brief intervention with telephone boosters with those of (1) screening, assessment, and referral to treatment and (2) minimal screening only, finding that even a relatively robust brief intervention did not improve substance use outcomes.
Meyer and colleagues explore the relationship between physicians’ diagnostic accuracy, their confidence in that accuracy, and related resource utilization. In the related Invited Commentary, Dhaliwal expands on the topic in the context of point-of-care learning.
Mafi and coauthors characterize the treatment of back pain from 1999 to 2010. See Invited Commentary by Casey.