This case of an asymptomatic woman in her 30s who presented for a baseline physical examination and was given nonrecomended liver function screening and phlebotomy following misdiagnosis highlights the importance of emphasizing clinical judgment in ordering and assesing test results.
This Teachable Moment describes levothyroxine therapy in elderly patients who might not have subclinical hypothyroidism.
This structured review identifies and highlights the 10 original research articles most likely to reduce overuse of medical care.
This Special Communication identifies and highlights articles published in 2014 that are most likely to influence medical overuse, organized into the categories of overdiagnosis, overtreatment, and methods to avoid overuse.
This case report uses the example of a patient with scurvy to illustrate the importance of the basic history and physical examination, even in the age of more modern technological diagnostic techniques.
This cohort study of hospitalized adults with suspected Clostridium difficile infection compared complications and deaths among those with positive vs negative polymerase chain reaction and toxin immunoassay test results.
This cohort study of appropriate orders for urinalysis determines whether overuse of urinalysis contributes to misdiagnosis and excessive use of antibiotics among elderly patients admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary care center.
This ecological study using data from the SEER cancer registries examines the associations between rates of mammography screening and the incidence of breast cancer, mortality from breast cancer, and tumor size.
This Viewpoint considers that breast density notification laws are unlikely to improve our understanding of breast cancer risk, screening, and diagnosis or to save lives and instead may result in substantial personal harms and societal costs.
This systematic review of English-language articles published in 2013 shows that both clinical trials and observational studies highlighted frequently overused or unnecessary care.
Welch and Passow quantify the benefit-harm trade-off for screening mammography
Patz et al estimate overdiagnosis in the National Lung Screening Trial.