This cohort study assesses whether household environmental contamination increases the risk for recurrent infection among individuals with a community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection.
This study examines associations between self-reported measures of sleep and the probability of occurrence of colds and infections in a nationally representative sample of adults.
This study tested the efficacy of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a population of men who have sex with men and transgender women.
This randomized clinical trial at 12 community-based nursing homes finds that a multimodal targeted infection program intervention reduced the rates of multidrug-resistant organisms and device-related infections in high-risk nursing home residents with indwelling devices. See the Invited Commentary by Stone.
This multistep, static, deterministic model that combined national population data finds that sequential steps along the HIV care continuum were associated with reduced HIV transmission rates. See the Invited Commentary by Giordano.
In this secondary data analysis, Butt et al found that HCV+ persons have a more rapid progression of liver fibrosis and accelerated time to development compared with HCV− controls.
This cohort study reports deferral of antiretroviral therapy beyond 12 months of the estimated date of seroconversion diminishes the likelihood of restoring immunologic health in human immunodeficiency virus 1–infected individuals. See also the Invited Commentary by Schacker.
This observational cohort study suggests that maintenance treatment with methadone or buprenorphine for opioid use disorders may be an important strategy to prevent the spread of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among young injection drug users.
Mitchell and colleagues, in a study of nursing home residents with advanced dementia, characterize suspected infections, antimicrobial agent use, clinician counseling of proxies about antimicrobial agents, proxy preference for the goal of care, and colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms.
Beaudoin et al describe an outbreak of severe group A Streptococcus infections among persons undergoing tumescent liposuction between July 1 and September 14, 2012, at 2 outpatient cosmetic surgery facilities (one in Maryland and the other in Pennsylvania) not subject to state or federal regulation. See the invited commentary by Morgan and Harris.
Zimlichman and colleagues estimate costs associated with the most significant and targetable health care–associated infections. Katz comments in a related Editor’s Note.
Schiff and coauthors study patterns of primary care malpractice types, causes, and outcomes as part of a Massachusetts ambulatory malpractice risk and safety improvement project. See Invited Commentary by Hyman and Sage.
Dantes et al describe updated national estimates and characteristics of health care– and community-associated invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in 2011. Lowy provides an Invited Commentary.
Casey and colleagues assess the association between individual exposure to swine and dairy/veal industrial agriculture and risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Lowy expands on the topic in his Invited Commentary.
Hall et al examine disparities in treatment between groups of persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and transmission category at essential steps in the continuum of care. See also the invited commentary by Christopoulos and Havlir.