This randomized clinical trial examines the effects of incentives and restrictions on types of food purchases on nutrition in a food benefit program.
This cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data investigates whether higher consumption of foods derived from subsidized food commodities is associated with adverse cardiometabolic risk in the adult general population.
This Viewpoint emphasizes that nutrition researchers and professional societies need to recognize the influence of food-industry sponsorship, take steps to control its effects, and ensure that sponsored studies promote public health.
This population-based cohort study of the longitudinal incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus finds varying associations of incident diagnoses with neighborhood resources for healthy food and physical activity and with social environment in a population of multiethnic noninstitutionalized adults.
Among a cohort of older adults in the Health ABC Study, this study finds that food frequency questionnaire–assessed sodium intake was not associated with 10-year mortality, incident cardiovascular disease, or incident heart failure.
Meyer et al estimate subgroup-specific effects of fast food price changes on fast food consumption and cardiometabolic outcomes. Katz provides an Editor’s Note.
Neltner et al determine the extent to which individuals selected by manufacturers to make “generally recognized as safe” determinations have conflicts of interest between their obligations to ensure that the use of the additive is safe and their financial relationships to the company. Nestle provides an Invited Commentary on the topic.
Excess sodium consumption is an important cause of hypertension. Center for Science in the Public Interest staff have monitored sodium levels in selected processed foods and fast-food restaurant foods for many years. Jacobson et al compare the levels of sodium for identical products ascertained in 2005, 2008, and 2011. See the Editorial by Katz.
Urban et al analyze the energy content of foods from independent and small-chain restaurants that do not provide stated information on energy content. See also the editorial comment by Katz.