Results of this secondary analysis of the PREDIMED trial suggest a beneficial effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil in the primary prevention of breast cancer.
Yokoyama et al conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials and observational studies that have examined the association between vegetarian diets and blood pressure.
This post hoc analysis of the Women’s Health Initiative study examines the effects of adherence to differing dietary recommendations and risk for hip fracture in postmenopausal women.
Li et al evaluate the association between dietary quality and mortality after myocardial infarction in participants in the Nurses’ Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.
Dunkler et al evaluate the association between diet; alcohol, protein, and sodium intake; and incidence or progression of chronic kidney disease among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. See also the invited commentary by Kramer and Chang.