Among individuals from the COPDGene cross-sectional observational study, clinical and radiologic evidence of smoking-related disease was identified in a cohort of current and former smokers who did not meet spirometric criteria for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
In a large retrospective cohort study, patients with COPD treated with noninvasive ventilation at the time of hospitalization had lower inpatient mortality, shorter length of stay, and lower costs compared with those treated with invasive mechanical ventilation .
This quantitative assessment estimates that US adults have approximately 14 million major medical conditions that are attributable to smoking. See also the Invited Commentary by Schroeder.
Gershon et al assess the association of long-acting β-agonists and anticholinergics for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with the risk of hospitalizations and emergency department visits for cardiovascular events. An invited commentary by Woodruff follows.