This study uses Medicare data to characterize physician ordering of low-value breast cancer services including imaging for staging low-risk disease and IMRT after breast-conservation surgery.
This cross-sectional study compares patterns of end-of-life care and family-rated quality of care for patients in the Veterans Affairs health system dying with different serious illnesses.
This study of pooled data from 12 US and European cohorts examines the association of leisure-time physical activity with incidence of 26 common types of cancer and whether the associations vary by body size and/or smoking.
This prospective study uses data from the Nurses’ Health Study to evaluate associations between attendance at religious services and mortality in women.
This Teachable Moment demonstrates the cascade of events that can result from unnecessary testing for malignant disease, especially in patients with dementia.
This study of data pooled from 5 mammography registries found that computer-aided detection (CAD) does not improve diagnostic accuracy of mammography, and these results suggest that insurers pay more for CAD with no established benefit to women.
This ecological study using data from the SEER cancer registries examines the associations between rates of mammography screening and the incidence of breast cancer, mortality from breast cancer, and tumor size.
This qualitative interview study reports how the availability of lung cancer screening influenced current smokers’ motivation regarding smoking cessation.
This study estimated the number of deaths attributable to cigarette smoking for 12 smoking-related cancers and found that continued progress in reducing cancer mortality requires more comprehensive tobacco control.
This cohort study evaluates the long-term outcomes of splanchnic vein thrombosis in patients with differing risk factors and treatments.
The commentary discusses the implications of the study on anticoagulant therapy for splanchnic vein thrombosis from the International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis registry.
This systematic review summarizes the available published evidence on associations between patient survival and surrogate end points used in medical oncology trials and find the correlations to be generally low.
This review of tools for shared decision making in serious illness finds that future randomized clinical trials are needed for further development of novel decision aids for serious diagnoses and key decisions.
This pooled analysis reports a benefit threshold at approximately 3 to 5 times the recommended leisure time physical activity minimum and no excess risk at 10 or more times the minimum. See the Invited Commentary by Manini.
Investigation of 2 large prospective studies found that higher whole grain consumption is associated with lower total and cardiovascular disease mortality in US men and women.