This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of mailing nicotine patches without behavioral support on smoking cessation rates.
Liebschutz and coauthors examine buprenorphine administration during medical hospitalization and linkage to office-based treatment.
Among drug-using emergency department patients, Bogenschutz and colleagues contrast the effects of a brief intervention with telephone boosters with those of (1) screening, assessment, and referral to treatment and (2) minimal screening only, finding that even a relatively robust brief intervention did not improve substance use outcomes.
This modeling study uses a Monte Carlo analysis to estimate the range of potential health effects that increased promotion and use of e-cigarettes might have on the US population.
This case-control study found that when physicians assisted and arranged follow-up for smokers, rates of quitting smoking increased.
Kangovi et al evaluate whether a trained community health worker intervention would improve posthospital outcomes among patients of low socioeconomic status. See the Invited Commentary by Alter.
This Teachable Moment details the importance of educating primary care clinicians in preexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus.
This disproportionality analysis demonstrates that dopamine receptor agonists can cause impulse control disorders. See also the Invited Commentaries by Weiss and Pontone and Gagne.